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Among the thousands of completed genome sequencing projects include those for rice, a mouse, the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the puffer fish, and the bacteria E. In December 2013, scientists first sequenced the entire genome of a Neanderthal, an extinct species of humans.
The Human Genome Project was organized to map and to sequence the human genome.
Just as a cookbook gives the instructions needed to make a range of meals including a holiday feast or a summer picnic, the human genome contains all the instructions needed to make the full range of human cell types including muscle cells or neurons.
A genome sequence is the complete list of the nucleotides (A, C, G, and T for DNA genomes) that make up all the chromosomes of an individual or a species.
If you are interested in tracing your DNA back to its origin, you’ll need to provide a saliva sample, pay about 0 to have your DNA read, and pay an additional to have your ancestral home identified.
You can begin your quest by visiting Prosapia Genetics online.
A fundamental step in the project was the release of a detailed genomic map by Jean Weissenbach and his team at the Genoscope in Paris.